Retina and Vitreous
Retinal Disease Treatment
Laser treatment for retinal diseases
The retina, which senses light and enables us to see, is inner layer of the eye. Laser has made excellent progress in the treatment of retinal diseases such as retinal holes, tears, diabetic retinopathy and macular degeneration.
Argon laser treatment of argon is used to treat a variety of eye diseases including glaucoma, diabetic eye conditions and certain retinal holes and tears. It can prevent an eye condition from getting worse, or sometimes cure it.
Intravitreal lucentis injetion
Diabetic Macular Edema (retinal disease caused by diabetes), and neovascularisation resulting from wet ARMD and retinal vein occlusion, is an advanced treatment option. An injection of a very small amount of medicine in the eye is more safe and effective compare to retinal lasers and complicated operation.
Lucentis, known as ranibizumab injection, is a medicine originally used to treat the wet form of age-related macular degeneration. AMD primarily affects the macula, which is part of the eye responsible for producing sharp central vision.
Lucentis can treat swelling within the macula (macular edema) caused by vein occlusion or diabetes. It can also inhibit the development of the VEGF, a type of protein which causes abnormal blood vessels to grow and leak and ultimately damages macula and cause vascular endothelial growth. Lucentis injection can avoid or reverse the vision loss of people with macular oedema by delaying or impeding their growth.
This surgery is used to treat various disorders related to the retina, vitreous and macula. Ophthalmic surgeons use specialized techniques, equipments and solutions to treat conditions such as retinal detachment, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and uveitis. Retinal and vitreous problems can cause severe loss of vision or even blindness.
Vitrectomy is a type of ocular surgery performed to remove some or all of the vitreous humor (a clear gel that fills the space between the lens and the retina) from the eye.
Retinal Detachment Surgery
Methods of repairing a retinal detachment include:
- Pneumatic Retinopexy – In this procedure, ophthalogist injects a gas bubble into the middle of the eye ball. The gas bubble then floats into the detached area and lightly pushes against the detached retina. The movement flattens the detached retina and the fluid below it is reabsorbed. Your ophthalmologist will then use a freezing probe (cryopexy) or a laser beam (photocoagulation) to seal the tear in the retina.
- Scleral Buckling Surgery – ophthalmologist will place a piece of silicone sponge, rubber or a semi-hard plastic onto the outer layer of your eye, which will then be sewn into place. This will help relieve pulling (traction) on the retina to prevent tears from worsening. It will also provide support to the layers of the retina.